Journal Articles

Indexed by author:
A - K | L - Y

Understanding Sustainable Infrastructure requires knowledge from a number of academic disciplines and experience outside of the university in areas such as planning and governance. Such areas of study are said to be transdisciplinary, and represent a formable challenge for a research team. To meet this challenge the Sustainable Infrastructure research team draws on a broad diversity of academic and non-academic experts. Our team contains researchers trained in the sciences and the social sciences, and includes practitioners with years of experience in governance and planning. Bringing together this interdisciplinary expertise is critical to research outcomes grounded in practical realities
of communities.

Research Team

Ann Dale
Dr. Dale is a rare hybrid, both an academic and an activist. Currently she is engaged in two major research initiatives at Royal Roads University. First, she is leading the e-Dialogues for Sustainable Development, a series of online dialogues exploring critical issues using the power of the internet to influence public policy. Second, she is working on exploring the relationship between social capital and sustainable community development. In 2001, she received the Policy Research Initiatives Outstanding Research Contribution Award for her most recent book, At the Edge - Sustainable Development in the 21st Century. As an activist, she has been involved in the creation of a 30 million dollar peoples trust for the environment, called the National Environmental Treasure - the NET. She is also Executive Coordinator of the Research and Public Policy Office of the Canadian Biodiversity Institute.

Jim Hamilton

Jim is a seasoned consultant with extensive experience in the governance and financing of public institutions, especially in relationship to questions of sustainability. Jim's experiences stem from over twenty-five years in analyzing and advising on financial, environmental and sustainability matters while with Hamilton, Thomas and Associates Ltd and previously as a senior executive and analyst within the Treasury Board Secretariat within the Government of Canada. Included among his major contributions is co-founding the Federal Buildings Initiative within Natural Resources Canada. The Federal Buildings Initiative is a government-wide initiative to take advantage of alternative techniques to finance energy and water savings investments, which presently enjoy widespread application within provincial governments, municipalities, hospitals, schools and universities across Canada.

Lenore Newman
Lenore is a writer, teacher, researcher, and post-doctoral scholar at Royal Roads University living in Ottawa. She grew up in a small coastal community in British Columbia and has a long standing interest in the environment. Lenore has a background in physics, complex systems theory, human geography, social change, and sustainability. Her doctorate is from York university; it examined theoretical aspects of sustainability in rapidly changing societies. Her research interests include sustainability at the community level and sustainable technology including biomimicry, the modeling of technology upon ecological systems.
Lenore is also interested in virtual communities, ecological effects of globalization, and the politics of gender. When Lenore is not on-line, she is likely outdoors.

Bill Dushenko
Ph.D., Biology, Queen's University at Kingston. M.Sc., Biology, Queen's University at Kingston. Honors B.Sc., Ecology and Evolution, University of Western Ontario. Bill is an environmental biologist and Professor in the School of Environment and Sustainability (formerly the Science Technology and Environment Division) at Royal Roads University. Previous to that, he worked as a research faculty member in the Applied Research Division in the Center for Economic Development and Applied Research at RRU. As an environmental biologist and freshwater ecologist working in an interdisciplinary field, his research interests include, ecological sustainability, terrestrial/aquatic ecology and biodiversity; the role of plants as ecosystem indicators and in the environmental cycling and fate of contaminants in aquatic and terrestrial systems; contaminant/nutrient relationships between plants and soils/sediments; effects of land use on sediment and water quality; contaminated site investigations; environmental impact assessment, and risk management for the public and private sector; and coastal wetland and macrophyte research. Bill has also been instrumental in setting up and operating long-term atmospheric, ecological and biodiversity monitoring plots for research and education purposes at Royal Roads University under the Smithsonian Institute/Man and the Biosphere Program in support of the National Ecological Monitoring and Assessment Network (EMAN). More recently, he has been involved with the Chinese government in helping them reduce their use of organochlorine pesticides for termite control as part of a national integrated pest management strategy. In his spare time, Bill likes to retreat to his new home in Sooke and spend time in the garden and community with his partner and their three pets.

Kevin Hanna
Now an Associate Professor at Wilfrid Laurier University, Kevin Hanna is originally from British Columbia. He grew up on his family’s ranch in the southern interior. Before attending university Kevin had the opportunity to work in ranching, logging and salmon fishing.
Professor Hanna's recent work addresses issues in land use planning, urban competitiveness and quality of space, and the role of planning in the economic transition of resource-based communities. A strong thread in his research and writing is the analysis of environmental policy and the factors that affect implementation. He is an alumni of the University of British Columbia and also the University of Toronto, where he obtained his Ph.D.
Kevin is the editor of the books Environmental Impact Assessment, Process and Practice, and Fostering Integration: Concepts and Practice in Resource and Environmental Management (with D.S. Slocombe) both are published by the Oxford University Press. He is now working on an anthology titled Parks and Protected Areas: Design and Policy, (co-edited with Douglas Clark and D.S. Slocombe) forthcoming form Taylor and Francis.
Dr. Hanna also brings experience from Environment Canada where he has served as a consultant and a policy advisor and analyst for the Ontario Region. Kevin Hanna has been a faculty member at the University of Toronto and now at Wilfrid Laurier University in Waterloo where he teaches environment and resource policy, impact assessment, and land use planning.

Levi Waldron
Levi Waldron is a post-doctoral fellow living in Toronto, Ontario. He grew up in the interior of British Columbia, where he completed grade 7 by a combination of home schooling and a one-room elementary school. He went on to UBC for a B.Sc. in physics, then to the University of Waterloo for a M.Sc. in physics, doing quantum calculations of hydrogen molecular spectra. At this point, his growing interest in and concern for the environment led him to complete a Ph.D. in forestry and environmental studies at the University of Toronto, modeling the leaching of wood preservatives from pressure-treated wood. Levi has many research interests including global warming, transportation, implementing sustainability at the community level, and open-source software and development. He is a postdoctoral scholar at Royal Roads University.
He also enjoys canoeing, bike repair and activism, and generally getting involved in his community.

 Nancy Averill
Nancy Averill is a policy wonk, convener and writer. As Director of Research and Methodology at the Public Policy Forum she undertakes research on a host of public sector policy and management issues and convenes leaders from all sectors of Canadian society to find collaborative solutions to public policy challenges. She has published on natural resource management, ocean policy, climate change and a host of governance and public sector management issues. Her career has spanned both the public and private sector and has included policy and management experience at the National Roundtable on the Environment and the Economy and the National Advisory Board on Science and Technology. Her career began at the City of Ottawa in community development where she developed a healthy respect for the wisdom of citizens in making collective decisions on planning issues. 
Nancy is an active volunteer in her community. She currently chairs the Ottawa Women’s Executive Network, is Vice-President of the Ottawa Distress Centre, an executive member of Equal Voice, an organization promoting the political participation of women and is a cook in the Sunday Supper program of a local downtown church. 
She holds a Masters degree in Public Administration and a Bachelor of Arts from Carleton University and a Diploma in Architectural Technology from Algonquin College. Born into the Métis Nation of Red River, she currently holds citizenship in the Métis Nation of Ontario.

Dr. Chris Ling
Dr. Chris Ling is a recent post-doctoral émigré from England, now living in Victoria, British Columbia and employed as a post-doctoral fellow at Royal Roads University. He grew up in suburban south-eastern England with a short diversion to Sheffield in Yorkshire. His background is in Environmental Sciences which he read at Southampton University. A short, enlightening but ultimately unfulfilling stint in consultancy led to seven years in Manchester working on a number of landscape, sustainability and quality of life capital orientated research projects. During this time he also achieved an M.Sc in Pollution and Environmental control and a PhD in Planning and Landscape examining quality of life capital in post-industrial landscapes. His main areas of research interest are landscape multifunctionality, quality of life capital, urban fringe and post-industrial landscapes and sustainability. Chris also enjoys hiking, orienteering and many other enriching activities.


Dr. Marilyn Hamilton
Dr. Marilyn Hamilton is Founder of integralcity.com, TDG Global Learning Connections, andTDG Global City Strategies. She meshworks wellbeing in the global village through researching, writing, teaching and facilitating.
Marilyn is a Founding Member of the Integral Institute and Integral-Ecology, Canadian Sponsor of Spiral Dynamics in the Integral Age, a Certified Spiral Dynamics III Facilitator, and Certified Cultural Transformation Tools Consultant. She has 25+ years of multi-sector, international organization development experience.
Marilyn is Alumna of the Foundation for Community Encouragement
and Past-CEO/Chair of Consulting Resource Group International Publishers.
She has authored and co-authored several books, discovery games and
assessments on learning, leadership and wellness. Marilyn teaches and/or
supervises graduate research at Royal Roads University, The Banff Centre,
California Institute of Integral Studies and the Adizes Institute. She
is a graduate of University of Toronto (BA English, Diploma in Translation)
and a Certified General Accountant. She completed her Ph.D. (Administration
and Management) in 1999, researching learning and leadership in self-organizing
online community systems.