Ludwig van Beethoven is arguably one of the most famous and influential composers in Western classical music. He gained a reputation as a master pianist and composer despite the devastating deterioration of his hearing. He was also famously known as a lover of nature. He regularly left the bustling city of Vienna for quiet refuge in the countryside, which played muse to many of his compositions. A lot of his music references elements of nature, most notably Symphony No. 6 in F major, Op. 68 commonly known as the Pastoral Symphony. Composed in 1807 and 1808, it includes musical onomatopoeias of quail, nightingale, and cuckoo calls. It also contains descriptive passages of a murmuring brook and a thunderstorm with lightning and rain. Pastoral Symphony fundamentally represents the connections between humans and nature, focusing on the feelings of gratitude and peace people experience while surrounded by forests, streams, and animals.