Sustainable Community Development


Introductioncomplete e-Dialogue(pdf)

This was the first curriculum-based learner dialogue to be held for the online Bachelor of Science in Environmental Management at Royal Roads University.

Sustainable development demands fundamental transformations are required in all sectors of society, including changes to our social, economic and governance structures, coupled with shifts in cultures and practices. And Canadian communities are on the front-line in trying to integrate changes, particularly single-resource economies. They face formidable challenges in attempting to respond to sustainable development imperatives in rapidly changing global, national and local contexts. Specific challenges include development (economic and social); public health (water, air and land quality); access to and long-term maintenance of natural resources; economic disparities; infrastructure (energy, sewage, transportation, policing); information communications technologies (ICTs); fear of change (powerlessness, breaking traditional dependencies); decreasing levels of civic engagement (volunteerism and voting); fragmentation (rapidly changing demographics, civil conflicts, special interest groups) and governance (decision-making, First Nations and federal/provincial relationships).

Over three days, we will be discussing on-line with Dr. Jenny Onyx from the University of Technology at Sydney the meaning of sustainable community development in Canada and Australia.

Moderatorcomplete e-Dialogue(pdf)
Ann Dale, Professor, Science, Technology & Environment Division, Royal Roads University.


Expert Panelists

Melissa Edwards, Associate Lecturer,University of Technology, Sydney, Austrailia.

Jenny Onyx, Professor, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia.

BSC-EM- 2003-1 Participants

Murray Ball, Waterworks Operator, Village of Neilburg, SK.

Jennifer Black, Reclamation/Construction Adminstrator, Canadian Natural Resources Limited, AB.

Antoinette Bragnalo, Environmental Projects Coordinator, City of Thunder Bay, ON.

Cassandra Caunce, Environmental Department, Teck Cominco Limited, Vancouver, BC.

Dave Ewanishin, Industrial and Specialty Lubricants Laboratory for Shell Canada Limited, Calgary, AB.

Kurt Fehr, Project Manger, Foreshore Technologies, Inc., Vancouver, BC.

Erin Gorman, Water/wastewater Treatment Plant Operator, Loyalist Township, ON.

Karen Larson, Environmental Health Officer,Interior Health Authority, BC.

Lynne Magee, Field level Public Health Inspector, Quesnel, BC.

Lori Marchand, Senior Chemical Analyst,Canadian Food Inspection Agency, BC.

Jennifer Maxwell, Drinking Water Source Assessment Officer, BC. Ministry of Water, Land and Air Protection, Victoria, BC.

Shannon Pagotto,Water Resources Division, Department of Indian and Northern Affairs, AB.

Matthew Paisley, Senior Analyst, Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Calgary, AB.

Joanne Roach, Administration/Research, Wastewater treatment, Salt Spring Island, BC.

Rae-Ann Shaw, Project Manager, Department of National Defense-CFB Esquimalt environment projects, Victoria, BC.

Dan Sonmor, Contaminated Sites Assessment, Public Works and Government Services Environmental Services Canada, SK.

Dave Warner, Environmental Affairs, Lehigh Northwest Cement Limited, Delta, BC.

Deb Webster, Forestry Extension Assistant, North Island Woodlot Association, Courtney, BC.

Readingscomplete e-Dialogue(pdf)
On-Line Readings

*Note: EBSCOhost ( offers fulltext and bibliographic databases online. EBSCOhost requires a subscription, and is subscribed to by many libraries. If you are a Royal Roads University learner or staff, you can access EBSCOhost at: - Search for Articles link.


Banarjee, SB. 2003. Who sustains whose development? Sustainable development and the reinvention of nature. Organizational Studies, Walter de Gruyter Inc (



BBC News- Disponsable Planet?


Boyd, S. 2001. Sustainable Communities and the Future of Community Movements. National Civic Review. Vol. 90 Issue 4, p385, 6p (EBSCOhost).


Hiss, T. Nov-Dec., 2001. Man about Towns(Dan Burden promotes Walk-able communities). Sierra Magazine, USA



Johns,S.,Kilpatrick, S.,Falk, I., Mulford, B. 2001. Leadership from within: Rural community revitalisation and the school-community partnership. Youth Studies Australia, Vol. 20 Issue 3, p20, 6p, 1bw (EBSCOhost).


Wigg, C. Sept., 2001. Line of Lode: mining and memory, tragedy and tourism come together in two striking new projects at Broken Hill. Architecture Australia, Architecture Media, Pty, Ltd, AU (


Wismer, S. 1999. From The Ground Up: Quality Of Life Indicators And Sustainable Community Development. Feminst Economic, Vol. 5 Issue 2 (EBSCOhost).


Books & Articles 

Dale, A. 2001. At the edge. Sustainable developement in the 21st century. UBC Press, Vancouver, BC.


Dauncey, G. 1988. After the Crash. The Emergence of a Rainbow Economy. Green Print, London.


Grant, T., Littlejohn, G. 2001. Greening School Grounds. Creating Habits for Learning. New Society Publisher, Gabriola Island, BC.


Hiss, T. 1991. The experience of place. A new way of dealing with our radically changing cities and countryside. Vintage Books, NY.


Maser, Chris. 1996. Resolving Environmental Conflict: Towards Sustainable Community Development. St. Louis Press, Delray Beach, FL.


McKenzie-Mohr, D., Smith, W. 1999. Fostering Sustainable Behaviour. An Introduction to Community-based Social Marketing. New Society Publisher, Gabriola Island, BC.


Naess, A. 1989. Ecology, Community and Lifestyle. Cambridge University Press, NY.


Nozick, M. 1992. No Place like Home. Building Sustainable Communities. Canadian Council on Sustainable Development, ON.


Onyx, J. November, 2003. The Social Diversity Challenges facing New Zealand. Public Service Senior Management Conference, Wellington, New Zealand (pdf).


Onyx, J. November, 2000. Community Renewal and Social Capital. Northern Rivers Regional Conference, Byron Bay (pdf).


Onyx, J. 2000. Social Capital is Good Business. School of Management, Faculty of Business, Univeristy of Technology, Sydney (pdf).


Onyx, P., Bullen, P. The Different Faces of Social Capital in NSW, Australia (pdf).

Pierce, J., Dale, A. 1999. Communities, Development and Sustainability across Canada. UBC Press, Vancouver,BC.

Roseland, M. 1998. Toward Sustainable Communities. Resources for Citizens and Their Governments. New Society Publishers, Gabriola Island, BC.

Smith, S., Barnard, R. Sept.2003. Understanding Patterns of Civic Engagement among The Information Age Generation. http://www. (pdf).

Weinburg, A. 2000. Urban Recycling and the Search for Sustainable Community Development. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.



Australian Websites on Sustainability:


Communitites by Choice


e-Dialogues: Sustainable Communities in Canada: Does one Exist?


Federation of Canadian Municipalities - Sustainable Communities Knowledge Network:
Centre for Sustainable Community Development


Government of Canada-Federal Science for Sustainable Development-5NR


International Development Resource Centre - Science for Humanity


International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) - Appreciative Inquiry and Community Development


International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) -Community Adaptation and Sustainable Livelihoods- Empowering Communitites for Sustainable Livelihoods


Nunavut - Department of Sustainable Development


Royal Roads University - Social Capital and Sustainable Development


Royal Roads University - Public Forum


Sustainable Community Development -



Sustainable Communitites Network


Sustainable Resource Development


University of Technology Sydney- Sustainability Research


Western Economic Diversification Canada - Sustainable Communitites


Royal Roads University
Science, Technology & Environment Division